The USDA records all the plants that you would normally encounter in natural setting and will indicate whether they are native or introduced. We have a list of rare and endangered plants which you can look for on your hikes and check off on your life list. Here are lists that can be used to select native plants for the types of gardens you want to establish. In addition, we have lists of invasive plant that you want to avoid.
The USDA Plants Database
The USDA Plants Database is the most comprehensive and up-to-date source for native plant information. Here, you can search for plants by scientific and common name. The site indicates whether the plant is native to the lower 48 states and the plant’s distribution. It also provide the legal status of the plant as well as other information.
For convenience, lists from the USDA database have been compiled into Excel files which can be download from here.
Lists of All New Jersey Vascular Plants
both Native and Introduced.
All the plants are listed by:
- Scientific name
- Common name
- Native – Introduced Status
- National Wetland Indicator Status
The Excel files below are sortable/searchable/filterable.
Lists of Native Trees and Tall Shrubs by County
These lists can serve as a guide for selecting trees for your area. They were compiled from the US Department of Agriculture Plants Database.
In each Excel file, first tab (sheet) lists all the plants. Subsequent tabs each give plants only in the specified county. Each sheet gives the scientific name, common name, and list of all counties the plant is found in.
Lists of All Native Vascular Plants by New Jersey County
New Jersey is a big and various state, with many diverse and ecosystems displaying a wide variety of native flora. To help you navigate this vast array of plants, select the appropriate link below to find native plants for your New Jersey county. These lists are based on USDA database.
Please note-change: Originally Union county list included all plants with its native status indicated in the last column. It has been changed to only include native species which is the case for all the other counties. (3/24/2013)
Cape May County
Plant Lists of Invasive Species
Native Tree Recommendations
We have had many requests for native trees for landscaping. We have provided here lists to help start your search.
Native Plants for Gardens
Below are articles and lists giving guidance for native plants for various garden conditions or purposes. All suggested plants are native.
List of NJ Native Threatened/Endangered Plants
NatureServe is the definitive source for information on rare and endangered species and ecosystems in the Americas. This online guide provides information on the 100,000 species and ecosystems that we track.
This site provides an extensive online database of plants giving their distribution, native status, rarity status as well as other information which can be viewed in map form or downloaded in table form.
Another comprehensive site for plant distribution: BONAP
The Biota of North America Program-North American Vascular Flora. The site provides distribution maps of the plants